Direct speech atau quoted speech merupakan sebuah kutipan langsung dari ucapan seseorang yang ditandai dengan quotation mark (“). Indirect speech atau reported speech juga memberikan informasi yang sama namun perbedaanya adalah tidak mengutip secara langsung melainkan mendeskripsikan ucapan tersebut dengan kalimat yang berbeda.
Untuk lebih jelasnya, yuk simak contoh penggunaan dari direct dan indirect speech di bawah ini!
1. Pergantian Tenses
Di kedua speech ini, terdapat pergantian tenses yang perlu untuk kamu lakukan. Tetapi ada pengecualian, yaitu jika kalimat pertama pada direct speech merupakan present tense atau future tense maka tidak perlu ada pergantian tenses di indirect speech.
She says, “She is ill.”
You say, ” I drink a cup of coffee every morning.”
She said, “I take yoga class once a week.”
Siska said, “We are watching a movie.”
Jonny said, “My sister have finished her class.”
She says that she is ill.
You say that you drink a cup of coffee every morning.
She said that she took yoga class once a week.
Siska said that they were watching a movie.
Jonny said that her sister had finished her class.
2. Pergantian Waktu
Jika dalam direct speech terdapat keterangan waktu seperti now, tomorrow, today, yesterday, dan tonight maka pada indirect speech keterangan waktu tersebut harus diganti.
He said, “I need my phone now.”
My mom said, “I am going to your school today.”
She said, “My uncle visited me yesterday.”
Clay said, “I am going to Jakarta tomorrow.”
Clara said, “We are going to eat kebab tonight.”
He said that he need his phone then.
My mom said that she was going to my school that day.
She said that her uncle visited her the previous day.
Clay said he was going to jakarta the next day.
Clara said they were going to eat kebab that night.
3. Kalimat Perintah
Untuk menuliskan kalimat perintah pada indirect speech tentunya berbeda. Biasanya kalimat perintah dapat berisikan saran, permohonan, permintaan, atau pesan.
My brother said to my sister, “Close the windows.”
She said to him, “Bring your book, please.”
My teacher said to me, “Don’t throw the rubbish in this room.”
Lily said to me, “You should find a job.”
You said to me, “Consult a doctor.”
My brother ordered my sister to close the windows.
She requested him to bring my book.
My teacher forbade me to throw the rubbish in that room.
Lily advised me that he should find a job.
You suggested me to consult a doctor.
Bagaimana? Setelah melihat penjelasan di atas pasti kamu sudah mengerti apa itu direct dan indirect speech. Untuk melatih kemampuanmu, yuk jawab soal latihan berikut ini.